The hottest robot overcapacity crisis is now suita

2022-08-13
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The crisis of robot overcapacity is now suitable for early overall planning and integration

as the fastest-growing industrial robot market in the world, China has used it as an important means to promote the upgrading of traditional industries. However, China's industrial robots still have technical difficulties, and the potential crisis of overcapacity has emerged. It is appropriate to strengthen the overall planning and integration of research and production forces in advance to speed up the development of the industrial robot industry

the rise in human costs has given birth to opportunities for the industrial robot industry

at the opening ceremony of this year's World Cup in Brazil, the emergence of skeletal robots shows the current robot's excellent technical strength and market application prospects. In the field of manufacturing, in the face of the rapid rise in human costs, enterprises have an increasingly urgent demand for industrial robots

industrial robot is the most typical electromechanical integration digital equipment, with high added value and wide application range. It is the supporting technology of advanced manufacturing industry and the emerging industry of information society. According to the statistics of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and the International Federation of robotics, the development of robot products has accelerated in the 1990s, with an average annual growth rate of about 10%, and the growth rate of robots in Asia is the most prominent

in recent years, the promotion of the application of industrial robots in China is mainly based on the rapid rise of human costs. Tianjin Juxiang precision mould Co., Ltd. is mainly engaged in the production of new electronic components and precision moulds. It is a typical human intensive enterprise. Xuguiqi, the manager of the company, said that the monthly salary of ordinary front-line workers is at least 3000 or 4000 yuan, and the income of skilled workers is comparable to that of white-collar workers in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou

learned from many equipment manufacturing fairs held in China that industrial robots that can realize automatic production, intelligent recognition and Android system control are becoming a powerful tool for many equipment manufacturing enterprises to solve the pressure of rising human costs. As one of FAW Toyota's suppliers, Liu Li, head of the Sales Department of Tianjin Shenji fixture Equipment Co., Ltd., said that the company has recently launched a number of industrial robots in line with the development trend of intelligence. Most of them are light-weight and miniaturized, low-cost, simple route construction and good stability. Orders for this part of products exceeded more than 4million yuan in just a few months last year

industrial robots are showing great vitality in China's manufacturing plants. Foxconn, which manufactures for apple, announced that it plans to deploy 1million robots in the assembly line to replace manual repetitive operations. The order volume of stauber precision machinery and Electronics Co., Ltd., which specializes in the production of industrial robots, has increased by 40% to 50% every year

Huaxin securities released a research report that the significant rise in labor costs forced manufacturing enterprises to upgrade. China's robot market has great development potential and long-term investment opportunities

the domestic market is growing rapidly, and there are hidden worries about widespread manufacturing.

China is an important purchaser of industrial robots in the international market. According to industry data, China's purchase of industrial robots in 2013 was 1/5 of global sales. According to the data of the International Federation of robots, an industry organization headquartered in Germany, China bought 36560 industrial robots in 2012, with a year-on-year increase of 60%

at the industrial robot industry development conference held in Tianjin a few days ago, caihegao, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said that China is the fastest-growing machine in the world. In his own words, it is a regional market, and the number of newly installed industrial robots has tripled in the past five years. According to the prediction of the Industrial Research Institute of higher industry, the output value space of China's industrial robots is between 310billion yuan and 688billion yuan. 2014 is the first year of industrial robots. It is expected that the number of robots in China will reach the current level of developed countries by 2025 based on a compound growth rate of 25%

although the market prospect is so broad, experts believe that the problems that may be brought about by the popularization of industrial robots in the world are still worthy of vigilance, which are mainly reflected in two aspects:

first, with the continuous development of the industrial robot industry, the manufacturing costs of countries that occupy technological advantages will drop significantly. Industrial robots, 3D printing and other technologies have provided strong support for the return of the U.S. manufacturing industry. Once the industrial robot technology is popularized, the cost of foreign manufacturing industry will drop significantly, and at that time, the cost advantage of made in China may be further compressed

second, once fully privatized, industrial robots will become exclusive production tools for business owners. Globally, problems such as massive unemployment of workers and stagnation of wealth flow may come one after another, which may have a great impact on the social structure

at present, the primary problem facing China is to solve the technological gap with foreign countries. Caihegao admitted that China, as a large manufacturing country, has always been in a backward position in robot application

at present, Germany's KUKA, Japan's FANUC, Switzerland's abb and Japan's Yaskawa robot enterprises have fully penetrated the Chinese market. There is a lack of key components in the upstream of China's robot industry chain, and there is a large technological gap with foreign countries. The key supporting unit components and devices are always imported, and an imported reducer accounts for about 35% of the total cost of the robot

in addition, the crisis of overcapacity has initially emerged. Tianjin announced that by 2015, the scale of robot industry will reach 20billion yuan; Shenyang Fushun new city announced last year that it would build the country's largest robot industry base, with an estimated annual output value of 50billion yuan; Shandong Qingdao new area plans to build the largest robot industry base in the north with 1000 mu of land. Shanghai, Shenyang, Harbin, Changzhou and other places have also planned and built robot industrial parks

coordinate and integrate forces to promote industrial development

from the perspective of abundant labor resources, China does not need industrial robots. However, from the perspective of the development trend of high-tech industry and the international market situation, it is imperative to vigorously develop and apply industrial robots. Experts suggest that China should speed up the development of industrial robot industry from the following three aspects

first, we should make breakthroughs in the key technologies of industrial robots and break the technical bottleneck. The key to the breakthrough in the development of industrial robots in China is the technological breakthrough. From the experience of Japan, the government has laid a foundation for Japanese robots to expand the domestic market by formulating policies and encouraging enterprises to apply robots. China should also formulate practical preferential policies for the promotion and application of robots and the promotion of robot research and development in the face of understanding the basic national conditions

robot users should consider giving certain financial subsidies to encourage the purchase of oil delivery valve of electronic universal experimental machine, which is a shunt flow regulating valve. In order to avoid industrial accidents and occupational diseases caused by dangerous and harsh working environment, some special types of work, such as spraying, casting, mining, etc., are forcibly replaced by industrial robots through the labor law, thereby increasing the demand for industrial robots

second, integrate the resources of nearly 100 domestic universities, institutions and enterprises engaged in the research and production of industrial robots to avoid repeated research on the same technology. Zhao Jie, director of the Robotics Research Institute of Harbin Institute of technology, pointed out that domestic research should be integrated to form a joint force and avoid being disconnected from the market. Enterprises should be encouraged to participate in the development of all segments of the industrial chain, especially the research and development of key spare parts, so that China's industrial robots can truly form an orderly and detailed industrial chain of research, production, manufacturing, sales, integration and service

small and medium-sized enterprises need to work together. Ren Daoguan, business manager of Zhongshan Bada Machine Manufacturing Co., Ltd., said that small and medium-sized enterprises have a low start in technology and limited working capital. In the face of increasingly fierce industry competition, they should strengthen cooperation, develop core technologies that connect with the market, and the partners jointly own technical property rights

third, pay attention to and adjust the industrial structure in advance to avoid overcapacity. For potential overcapacity, in addition to the natural survival of the fittest in the market, Luo Jun, executive chairman of the International Federation of robotics and intelligent equipment industries, suggested that parks with development plans should be guided to carefully examine their own capabilities, including whether they have a good industrial foundation, whether they have a huge market radiation capacity, and whether they have a very obvious material foundation. At the same time, the national level should make overall arrangements for the newly approved parks, and high-tech should be selected for the approval of new projects in existing parks

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