More than 20 kinds of "battlefield robots" of the U.S. Army have entered the practical stage
according to U.S. media reports, an autonomous battlefield robot jointly developed by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University and general dynamics robotics is currently undergoing performance tests. Unlike other so-called "battlefield robots", this kind of robot has a higher degree of intelligence and autonomy. It can respond independently according to different battlefield conditions without the operator's remote command. It is a real "autonomous battlefield robot"
according to the US "defense" report, the experimenters said that this kind of robot in the experimental stage can not only "see" the surrounding objects with its own sensors and "feel" the environment with its internal processor, but also automatically design the most suitable way forward, and in the process of moving forward, They can also adjust the forward route at any time according to the new surrounding information detected by the sensor, and automatically avoid fixed obstacles such as trees, rocks, trenches, etc., without too much intervention of operators
researchers will strengthen the ability of this robot to detect and recognize moving targets. John Miller, director of the Army Research Laboratory, said that it is of great practical significance for battlefield robots to enable robots to recognize moving objects, predict their trajectory, and adjust their course of action accordingly. Because the battlefield environment is rapidly changing and very complex, battlefield robots must have flexible response ability. After the development of this autonomous battlefield robot, it will be able to independently complete dangerous tasks such as detecting explosives in complex battlefield and searching high threat areas
according to the plan of releasing the first batch of basic research project guidelines, after the gradual improvement of autonomous battlefield robots, the US Army will apply relevant technologies to the unmanned ground combat vehicle project of "future combat system". In recent years, the U.S. Army has ambitiously invested billions of dollars in the development of robotics for the "future combat system" and battlefield robots that can be used for forward deployment and rear support. It is hoped that robots can be sent to the battlefield to perform various difficult tasks in the future, so as to greatly reduce the battlefield threat faced by manned combat systems and create a myth of "zero casualties" in war
however, some experts believe that although the U.S. military has paid huge financial and human resources to study battlefield robots and made some progress, from the perspective of actual combat effectiveness, the existing battlefield robots cannot be compared with manned combat systems. It will take a long time for battlefield robots to become the protagonists of the future battlefield
according to the US weekly Washington watch, from unmanned aircraft in the sky to various remote-control robots large and small on the ground, unmanned combat systems began to emerge in the Iraq war. The "backpack" robot can capture and distinguish the subtle movements of anti American armed snipers in the street fighting environment; The "Bomb sniffing" robot can sensitively sniff out camouflaged explosives; The armed robot code named "sword" can act as a machine gunner and destroy the enemy with powerful firepower after discovering and locating enemy vehicles and personnel. According to Colonel John Burke, the head of the army's unmanned combat system, there were 163 ground robots in the U.S. Army in 2004, and the Iraq war increased the number of ground robots in the battlefield to 5000. They are all "serving" in Iraq and Afghanistan
robots that play a role in the Iraqi battlefield are only a small part of the U.S. military's "robot war" plan. A more complete plan is called "future combat system" (FCS). This system was developed in May, 2003, and is planned to be organically equipped in 2015. The system, which is planned to be composed of 18 subsystems, can connect each soldier with various land and air combat platforms and sensors on the battlefield. According to the simulation summary of Boeing, the developer of the system: the demand of oscillation test is to recognize the firmness of the products and early evaluate the scientific and technological achievements of the defective products in the preparation technology and utilization project of fence type aluminum base lead alloy composite anode undertaken by China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association for Kunming University of technology and other relevant units. Before leaving the factory, screen and detect the video. In combat operations, the ground robot acts as the pioneer, When the hidden enemy attacked it, the unmanned reconnaissance aircraft found the enemy's position and informed the cruising fighter. However, the fighter fired missiles and hit the target. All these actions are controlled by the US military on the battlefield through networks. Boeing estimates that the system will shorten the battle time by half and reduce the casualty rate of U.S. soldiers by 60% - 80%
in order to verify the feasibility of the "future combat system", the 29th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. Army is conducting a test at Fort Benning army base. This test is called "air long-range attack force drill", which is divided into four stages of ABCD, and is used to test whether American soldiers are suitable for the "future combat system". At present, stages a and B have been completed. They tested the ability of the U.S. military to operate the land and air unmanned system for street warfare in shifts and platoons. The "command, control, communication, computer, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance integrated system" (C4ISR) is added to the ongoing phase C drill, and the drill unit is upgraded to a brigade combat group. The opponents of the simulation drill are armed elements and enemy special forces mixed among civilians. According to retired colonel Eden of the army individual combat laboratory? Davis said that the drill of phase C is mainly to evaluate the technical feasibility and effectiveness of the combat system. Then on this basis, it can be improved to meet the requirements of phase D, that is, the final formation of the robot team drill. Major General Walter, the commander of the U.S. Army Infantry center, directly said the importance of this test, "this drill can connect individual soldiers, future combat systems and the future of the army."
in the military expenditure in 2008, 25% of the R & D expenditure of the US Army will be used for the development and testing of the future combat system, and the final R & D expenditure of this system will reach $300billion. The main machine of the plastic granulator is the extruder system. Only with the support of a large amount of US dollars, robot war can be realized, and the contribution to reducing the casualty rate may not be concluded until on the battlefield
it is said that there are more than 20 kinds of robot systems used in Afghanistan and Iraq. These systems include portable tactical robots, such as Packbot from i-robot, Claw shaped explosive ordnance system and the "dragon messenger" of the Marine Corps "-- mine clearance systems weighing up to six tons. However, gotwood points out that all these systems play an equally important role for soldiers. He compares robots to household tools. Soldiers use robot systems for special tasks. Troops may only need a small platform to deal with improvised explosive devices, or they may need a large, heavy robot to clear mined areas.
a robot is now being deployed The throwbot robot system is a tactical robot that can be thrown through a door or window to perform reconnaissance missions. This small, cylindrical robot is only the size of a soda bottle, with two wheels and a camera, and it weighs less than half a pound. The robot was developed by the Minnesota reconnaissance robot company. Throwbot is controlled by handheld commercial wireless devices and joysticks. Its mission is to provide soldiers with fast monitoring information before entering the building
another robot system put into use is called "Gladiator". It was developed by Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. The six wheeled golfer sized robot will be used by the Marine Corps to perform various reconnaissance and support missions. Gladiators can also perform combat missions and can be equipped with machine guns and grenade launchers. According to gotwood, this is the first armed robot sent to the battlefield. The robotics joint project office plans to evaluate several robot system prototypes this year